Deformation By Intention
By Jack Houck
This paper was presented at the Science of Whole Person Healing
Conference on March 28, 2003. The purpose was to show that humans
do have interaction with and effects on matter. This report captures
the results of 22 years of research with experiments in psychokinesis
(PK). The author began the PK Party workshops as an experiment to
test his hypothesis that significant paranormal effects would be
produced if a large peak emotional event could be orchestrated.
It worked so well in the first PK Party (January 1981) that he has
continued to conduct theses workshops. There have been 361 PK Parties
(17,000 attendees) conducted by the author, and many more by others
all over the world. Often controlled experiments have been conducted
within the PK Party environment, some that are reported in this
In the following table are a few examples of paranormal phenomena
divided into Extrasensory Perception (ESP) and Psychokinesis (PK)
ESP activities are passive and PK activities are active. The first
10 years of my research were in applications of the mind concentrated
on remote viewing. The last 20 years have been concentrated on
material deformation through PK. I continue collecting data while
giving workshops teaching people how to do both RV and PK.
Remote Viewing Research
In the early 1970's, I became interested in how people could do
remote viewing (RV). The term remote viewing was coined by Hal
Puthoff and Russell Targ who were with Stanford Research Institute
(SRI) International developing the technology to understand and
apply RV. (Reference 1) The RV phenomenon is that a person in
one place can somehow send their "mind" out to another place and
"see" what is happening at that location. Later SRI and other
research laboratories realized that the data came to the viewer
in all the body senses, not just visual. The other laboratories
began calling this remote perception.
Although I am an aerospace engineer, most of my spare time has
been spent reading about phenomena that related to seeing-at-a-distance
(e.g., out-of-body experiences, astral travel, near-death experiences).
In my professional career at McDonnell Douglas, I managed an advanced
research group with some Government contracts that provided some
access to background data during 1970 through 1990. Mr. James
McDonnell was very interested in similar phenomena and was providing
some funding to parapsychology laboratories. He heard about my
interests in 1980 and funded a coordinate remote viewing experiment
(i.e., an experiment where the viewer is asked to see what is
located at a target given by latitude and longitude coordinates
in degrees, minutes, and seconds that is about 100-foot resolution).
While documenting that experiment, I wrote a chapter on a conceptual
model in an attempt to explain how remote viewing might work (Reference
The conceptual model for thinking about how an individual can
send their mind out to do remote viewing and PK is illustrated
in Figure 1 and described in more detail in Reference 2. The area
labeled STU is a representation of the mind passing into another
dimension where all information is stored, similar to Jung's collective
unconscious and the metaphysics term "akashic records." The acronym
STU stands for Space Time Unit.
In remote viewing experiments, it is observed that the data a
viewer produces often was correct about the target location, but
not how that target location looked at the time the Conceptual
Model of the brain and mind interacting with remote objects and
viewing took place. I call this a "time-shift." It appears as
if the mind of the viewer goes to the correct target and locks
onto a time when there was a peak emotional event occurring at
that target. Thus the data that the viewer reports may be years
before the time of the viewing, or even sometime in the future.
Of course this makes evaluating the success of an experiment difficult.
Figure 4 in Reference 2 attempts to show this time-shift effect.
In talks presenting my Conceptual Model, I suggested that in order
to minimize this time-shift effect, create a peak emotional event
at the current time and some major paranormal event (e.g., psychokinesis)
might occur. Parapsychologist Charles Honorton challenged me to
test my model.
In January 1981, in response to this challenge, I conducted an
experiment that I called a PK Party. PK stands for Psychokinesis,
(which, as noted previously, is defined as mind-over-matter) and
the idea of a party was to make it a wild emotional event (allowed
in California). There were 21 people at the first PK Party in
my home in Huntington Beach, California. Half of these people
were participants in my RV experiments and the other half were
members of the same tennis club I belonged to. Everyone was told
that we were going to bend metal with our minds. The tennis players
thought this was a big joke and the RVers thought they had God-given
powers to perform perception type activities, but not PK activities.
Fortunately, I had met a metallurgist named Severin Dahlen at
work who was teaching children to perform PK at the University
of California, Irvine. I invited Severin to come to the party
and give the instructions. In preparation for this event, I had
stopped at the Sears store and purchased a large zinc coated steel
rod thinking that if it was bent, I would be impressed. I also
provided my grandparents' sterling silverware for bending material.
At the party, the participants were sitting in chairs arranged
in a circle around my living room, joking and laughing. Severin
stood up in the center of the circle and proceeded to gave the
Step: Make a mental connection with what you want to affect
"Get a point of concentration above your head. Grab it and
bring it down through your head, your neck, your shoulder,
down your arm, into your hand and put it into the fork or
Second Step: Command (intention) what you want to happen
"Command the silverware to bend by shouting BEND, three times."
Third Step: Let go!
After these instructions, a minute or two went by and a 14-year-old
boy began screaming that his fork was bending. Everyone could
clearly see that the head of his fork was bending over slowly.
I noticed that everyone's eyes were huge and I now call that "an
instant belief system change." Shortly after that, almost everyone
began bending his or her silverware very easily. They were jumping
up and down, shouting, and screaming. This was a peak emotional
event! They described the silverware getting warm or sticky, with
the metal becoming very soft, like rubber, for five to 30 seconds.
19 of the 21 attendees at the first PK Party were able to do what
I now refer to as "Kindergarten bending." One of the participants
was a woman who had told a friend of hers before the party that
she didn't see any sense bending silverware. Unfortunately, she
created a mental block for herself. She came to subsequent PK
Parties and finally was able to bend metal at the fourth party.
I was the other person who did not bend at the first PK Party.
I was busy looking around at what people were doing and was trying
to analyze what was happening. It also took me four PK Parties
to get the PK experience. Later on in the evening at the first
PK Party, the same 14-year-old boy bent the large steel rod very
easily. The next day I bought the rest of the steel rods the same
size from Sears. The head metallurgist at McDonnell Douglas in
Huntington Beach, California attempted to bend one of the rods
and finally did by straining and using his knee. He was more than
twice the size of the young boy.
The next month, I gave another PK Party. This time we used stainless
steel flatware forks and spoons. (Knives sometimes break and could
cut people.) I also added a number of experiments, including metal
and plastic of various types. We put strips of thin metal in soda
pop bottles and stuck them in corks securing the metal strips
to the top of the bottles so people would not handle the strips.
The strips continued to bend for three days after the party. A
lot was learned using the PK Parties to create the PK environment
while conducting experiments within the parties.
It was discovered that people could buckle the bowls of silver
plated spoons. They could not do that using their brute strength,
but they often could using PK. So we started "High School bending,"
where people bent things that were beyond what could be done by
physical strength alone. Steel and aluminum rods were cut to lengths
that could not be bent physically. The rods and silver plated
spoons are used in High School bending.
"Graduate School bending" is when people are given two forks that
have been checked and any bends removed. They hold a fork at the
bottom of the handle in each hand. They simply command the fork
to bend spontaneously. Sometimes one or both forks bend spontaneously.
Any amount of spontaneous bending is significant and evidence
of macro PK.
At the time this paper was presented on March 28, 2003, I had
given 361 PK Parties that were attended by approximately 17,000
people since January 1981. All of these parties have been documented.
The date, location, number of attendees, and the number of people
who had success in each of the phases of the PK Parties are kept
in a computerized database. Similarly, from PK Party #44 through
#343 attendees filled out questionnaires, recording their perception
of what they did and that data has been recorded in another computerized
database. 59% of the 14,315 people attending those PK Parties
turned in completed questionnaires. Pictures of individuals, couples
or families were taken at each PK Party and a copy given to the
people in the pictures when possible. Occasionally it was not
possible to correlate the face in the picture with the name and
address of the individual. Figure 2 shows typical results during
these phases of a PK Party.
Figure 2. People's experiences at PK Parties
A typical happy Kindergarten bender is the woman shown in the
top-left corner of Figure 2. People do use two hands in Kindergarten
bending and are encouraged to feel for when the spoon or fork
loses its structure (the grain boundaries of the stainless steel
seem to melt allowing the grain boundaries to slip and the metal
feels like rubber). Stainless flatware is used for Kindergarten
bending because stainless steel has a very low thermal conductivity
that translates to allowing the bender to have more time to find
the window in time when the metal becomes soft. It stays soft
between 5 and 30 seconds before it refreezes and returns to its
solid state. When stainless flatware is stamped out at the time
it is manufactured, dislocations are created along the grain boundaries
in the flatware. These dislocations seem to act as transducers
for the PK energy that turns to heat and melts the grain boundaries.
Most stainless steel has a melting temperature of over 2000 degrees
F. The actual grains in the stainless steel are not being melted,
just the edges of the grains called grain boundaries. Thus the
flatware is not hot to touch, but often people feel the warmth
coming from within the metal. The overall success rate for people
who try Kindergarten bending is 85%.
A man who was able to buckle the bowls of two silver plated spoons
is shown in the lower-left corner of Figure 2. Buckling the bowl
of a silver plated spoon is considered High School level bending
because the shell structure of a spoon bowl makes it very strong.
Very few people have been able to buckle the bowl of a stainless
spoon because stainless steel is so strong. However, most silver
plated spoons are made from pot metal and then plated with silver.
The pot metal is not as strong and buckling those bowls seems
to be possible when using PK and some strength with both hands.
Often people describe the bowl buckling as if the metal felt like
paper and very easily was buckled, when they are distracted. Aluminum
rods (one foot in length and 3/8" in diameter) are often available
for bending in PK Parties. Also, zinc plated steel rods with diameters
up to ¸" are often available.Ê When people bend these they have
done something spectacular. The overall success rate for people
who try High School bending is approximately 32%.
A man who had both of the forks he was holding during Graduate
School bend over spontaneously is shown in the lower-right corner
of Figure 2. He was holding the bottom of the stainless flatware
fork handles, one in each hand. He was concentrating on the fork
in his right hand when I noticed that the fork in his left hand
was bending over spontaneously (not using the other hand). I asked
him if he saw the one in his left hand and then he looked at it
and said "How did that happen?" At that moment, the fork in his
right hand bent over spontaneously. This was another example of
the PK working when he was distracted or let go. Young children
seem to do spontaneous bending very well. The head of the fork
may twist or the tines separate in different directions. Any amount
of fork movement is considered very special and occurs for approximately
11% of the people who participate in the Graduate School phase
of PK Parties.
Occasionally, I notice something especially interesting at a PK
Party. Onetime, I saw that the small girl shown in the upper-right
hand corner of Figure 2 had bent a large steel rod. I went over
to where she and her mother were sitting and patted her on her
head telling her how great I thought she had done. Her mother
then said, "Oh, she can do more than that." I asked "Like what?"
The little girl turned and pointed to the tennis stick figure
with a counter weight for balance on the mantle above the fireplace
and said "Move." The figure then spun around on the point of the
stand it was on. This is referred to telekinesis, or moving objects
without touching them. I have not conducted experiments within
the PK Party environment on telekinesis, but that would certainly
be an interesting area for additional experimentation.
One experiment that provides some insight into the PK effects
was done with four old type hacksaw blades. Each blade was tested
for its hardness with a Rockwell C hardness (Superficial 15N Scale)
testing machine. All four measured very hard, although two of
the blades were slightly softer than the other two. One of the
blades was isolated from the other three by placing it in a separate
home. From then on in the experiment, the separated blade was
always tested at a different time than the other three blades
so that they would never be together. The other three blades were
placed in a brown paper bag and exposed at four PK Parties over
a three month period. The bag was placed in the center of the
circle of people involved in the PK Parties. Only my metallurgist
and I knew the experiment was in progress. All the blades were
tested the day before the next PK Party. This was done to allow
any time effects to occur in the blades after they were exposed
at a PK Party. The hardness of the three exposed blades all reduced
from the original very hard steel of the hacksaw blades to near
that of annealed steel, which is very soft. The control blade
maintained its hardness throughout the experiment. The measured
hardness of these hacksaw blades is shown in Figure 5 of Reference
In another experiment, a Hall Effect sensor was constructed with
two Hall Effect chips placed back to back (in order to cancel
any temperature effects) and the output run through a bridge circuit
to the chart recorder which was located about 20 feet from the
sensor. The sensor was also enclosed in a thermos bottle for temperature
isolation. The sensor was on a stand, placing it about four feet
off the floor. The sensor was aligned perpendicular to the earth's
magnetic field lines in order to minimize the effect of the earth's
A two minute cyclical signal occurred at the time the fork of
a young girl, sitting within six feet of the Hall Effect sensor,
had the top fall over resulting in a 90o spontaneous
bend during the Graduate School phase of a PK Party. The data
recorded on a pen chart recorder is shown in Figure 7 of Reference
The reason Hall Effect chips were chosen in the first place was
not to measure the magnetic field, as is their normal application,
but to see if the current through them is affected by PK modifying
the dislocations in them by changing the mobility of electrons
moving through the crystal. However, subsequent use of the same
sensor produced no results.Ê The internal dislocations in any
metal exposed to PK are changed, making this an unreliable sensor
for feedback and training.
During PK Parties, it was often noticed that when a zinc-coated
steel rod is bent using PK, its shiny surface would turn black.
Reference 4 is an analysis of this surface effect using optical
and scanning electron microscopes.
Reference 5 is a report on PK effects on clear plastic spoons
and forks. It was noticed that children were able to bend clear
plastic forks and spoons. Normally this material is very brittle
and breaks when people try to bend it. The PKed area of the plastic
looks cloudy to the naked eye. Under optical magnification, the
cloudy area appears to have micro cracks emanating from a small
bubble. It looks as if the spot of the bubble was heated causing
that area to expand, creating the micro cracks. This effect seems
to have some correlation to the heat being created along the grain
boundaries in metal. The nice part about using clear plastic is
that another feedback is provided to the person doing the PK in
that they can observe the cloudiness as a signal for when the
plastic is ready to bend.
One of the most unusual examples of bending at a PK Party was
caught on video tape in May 1986. A video clip of a man pulling
apart a spoon is available in Reference 6. The event occurred
at PK Party #140 held in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The party was being
videotaped and the photographer happened to catch this man pulling
apart the spoon handle he was holding. The next day at lunch,
I sat down across the table from this man and asked if he would
do it again. When he agreed, I went to the kitchen and bought
a dozen stainless flatware forks. Returning to the table, I handed
him one of the forks. He held it for awhile, concentrating on
it. Then he pulled it apart! I took the other 11 forks back to
the structures laboratory at work and pulled the 11 forks apart
mechanically using a tensile testing machine. The average force
to break the forks was 850 lbs.
Over the years, I have collected data in formal and informal ways
described here, and I have also gathered information through observation
and anecdotal evidence. Typically there are 20 to 50 people at
a PK Party. The success rate falls off when the PK Parties have
fewer than 15 people. The largest party had over 400 people. Over
100 other people have given PK Parties all over the world.
Some additional observations are:
On occasion "critics" have written about PK Parties with a negative
connotation suggesting the chaos with lots of people, commotion,
and noise is covering up fraudulent behavior. The noise does have
purpose, however. The first two steps for doing PK seems to be easy
for most people. However, the third step (letting go) is something
many people talk about, but few know how to do. The noise and the
people shouting with joy help distract people causing them to let
go and then they have PK success. It is true that magicians have
tricks where they can with slight of hand or diversion appear to
bend objects like those in PK Parties. The 17,000 people who have
attended PK Parties cannot all be magicians. Seeing a six-year-old
bend a ¸" diameter steel rod (18" long) about 20 degrees is very
Everyone seems to be able to do PK.
Metal often continues to bend for up to 3 days.
The more dislocations in metal, the easier it is to PK.
Cast metals are very hard to PK.
Children bend clear plastic picnic spoons and forks easily.
Graduate forks must be replaced after three PK Parties or they
stop bending spontaneously.
Approximately 50% of people who do PK at the parties are able
to do it later by themselves.
Healing Over these 22 years of giving PK Parties, I have noticed
a number of events that would be considered spontaneous healing.
For example, in the middle of a PK Party, a man would stand up and
say that his back had just been healed. The PK "energy" seems to
be magnified at PK Parties and is strongest at the center of the
circle of benders. This seems to correlate well with the "chi energy"
discussed in various martial arts disciplines. There are many alternative
healing modalities that work with moving energy. Even though many
of these techniques have complex process, viewing them simplistically,
they generally can be boiled down to the same simple three steps
used for PK. After all, if humans can affect material with intention,
why not healing other humans? Researchers such as Dr. Larry Dossey,
Dr. Yoshiaki Omura, and Dr. Daniel Benor presented scientifically
collected data at the March Science of Whole Person Healing Conference.
In conclusion, there is powerful evidence that mind matters and
there is interaction between the Mind and the material world. Many
questions remain, however, and much additional experimentation is
1. Puthoff H, Targ R (1976) Proceedings of IEEE Vol. 64 A Perceptual
Channel for Information Transfer over Kilometer Distances: Historical
Perspective and Recent Research
2. Houck J (Winter 1983) ARCHAEUS 1, 1 Conceptual Model of Paranormal
Phenomena, Now located on www.jackhouck.com
3. Houck J (1986) Journal of the United States Psychotronics Association,
Number 5, pp 21-25. Remote Viewing and Psychokinesis Research, Now
located on www.jackhouck.com
4. Houck J (Fall 1984) ARCHAEUS, Vol. 2, No. 1, p27. Surface Change
During Warm-Forming, Now located on www.jackhouck.com
5. Metallurgical Report on Plastic Spoon Deformation, Now located
6. Houck J Unpublished PK Parties, Now located on www.jackhouck.com